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Jun 30, 2012

Jun 28, 2012

Apr 5, 2012

Mar 9, 2012

la Journée internationale de la femme

Célébrée depuis 1975 (officialisée par les Nations Unies en 1977) le 8 mars, la Journée internationale de la femme, est placée cette année sous le thème de « l’autonomisation des femmes rurales et leur rôle dans l’éradication de la pauvreté et de la faim, le développement et les défis actuels ». Il s’agit de rappeler que l’inégalité entre les sexes et l’accès limité au crédit, aux soins de santé e...t à l’éducation posent un certain nombre de problèmes aux femmes rurales. Et la crise alimentaire et économique mondiale, de même que les changements climatiques n’ont fait qu’aggraver leur situation. On estime par exemple que 60% des personnes victimes de famine chronique sont des femmes et des filles.

Et pourtant, en contribuant de manière déterminante aux économies mondiales, les femmes rurales jouent un rôle crucial dans les nations développées comme en développement : elles renforcent le développement agricole et rural, améliorent la sécurité alimentaire et peuvent aider à réduire les niveaux de pauvreté au sein de leurs communautés. Dans certaines parties du monde, les femmes constituent 70% de la main-d’œuvre agricole, comptant pour 43% des travailleurs agricoles de par le monde.
Les estimations de la FAO (Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture) montrent que si les femmes bénéficiaient du même accès aux ressources productives que les hommes, elles pourraient augmenter les récoltes de leurs exploitations agricoles de 20 à 30%, permettant de sortir de la famine de 100 à 150 millions de personnes.
http://on.unesco.org/yqFfJa

Mar 7, 2012

Putin again

Putin won the elections on the 4th of March. He has now become the president of the Russain Federation for a third time. He won with a large majority. He will be the president for six years to come.

Some say this is the beginning of the end of the Putin era. Truly there might be signs of a new poltical force on the rising, but let us not forget that these forces are weak and as I am aware mainly only in existence in the major urban areas of Russia. For now I am most certain that Putin has not much to fear.

It also goes without saying that he has seen the Arab spring and perhaps learnt from it. I know of course that Russia is not a totally undemocratic state, but it does have democratic deficits. The president in Russia has very strong constitutional competences some them shared with the Federal Assembly, but out of the two houses of the assembly only the State Duma is elected directly.

We have six exciting years ahead of us to talk about Putin's role in Russia and on the world stage. For us Europeans Russia is a key partner because we are srtongly dependent on eahc other economically especially within the energy sector. Once again the question might rise is economic and political stability more important than the democratic, political values and views on human rights?

Feb 13, 2012

Airlines, airports, trains and buses

Barely has a week passed since the Hungarian national airline Malév went bankrupt. This inspired me to do some thinking on one of my favourite issues transportation. It is a field of industry that is very interesting to me because it has to face extreme challenges in the future and also because it is one of tje government owned industries in Hungary that has been needing financial support for many years now working with old inefficient structures.
It is my solid belief that good organisation is key to all fields of economic activities. This is especially true with something as complex as transportation. In my view the different means of transportation can be seen as different levels of a complex system.
Air transportation is used for international movement in Hungary due to the country's size. This means that the country has one principal airport in Budapest. This is not very healthy situation in terms of regional development, but the example of Malév shows that this is probably realistic. Despite this as a believer in the development of new Central European business hubs I think Hungary and more expressively the bigger countryside cities of Hungary should collaborate with working regional airports of the neighbouring countries.
In an ideal setting the railways would also be focused on these cities with real intercity trains only stopping in cities of economic significance, while slower passenger trains could collect all passengers from other station transportimg them to the hubs. Finally the bus transport system should do the same on an even lower level reaching all villages and settlements. Thus a complex net of transportation could be created between the regional economic hubs.